Mr. Gaines was appointed a Commissioner on September 30, 1994, and designated as a member of the National Appeals Board. On February 4, 1997, he was designated by the President as Chairman of the Commission.
Mr. Gaines received a B.A. in 1973 and a J.D. in 1977, both from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.
Prior to his appointment as a Commissioner, Mr. Gaines had served on the Arkansas Board of Parole since 1986, and as Chairman since 1987. He also served as the Criminal Justice Liaison and Pardon and Extradition Counsel to Governor Bill Clinton between 1983 and 1986, when he became the Executive Director of the State Supreme Court Committee on Professional Conduct. He held that position, along with his part-time position on the Arkansas Board of Parole, until 1989, when he was named the first full-time Chairman of the Arkansas Board of Parole. Between 1978 and 1983, Mr. Gaines was a Parole Hearing Examiner for the Arkansas Department of Correction and prior to that time, was in the private practice of law.
During his career, Mr. Gaines has held membership on numerous Arkansas State Boards, including the Board of Corrections, the Governor's Corrections Resources Commission, and the Governor's Task Force on Crime.
Mr. Gaines is a member of the U.S. Sentencing Commission (ex officio), the National Institute of Corrections Advisory Board (ex officio), the American Correctional Association, the Association of Paroling Authorities International, the American Probation and Parole Association and the Arkansas Adult Probation and Parole Association. He was admitted to practice law in 1977, and is a member of the Bar of Arkansas and the Bar of the United States District Courts.
Mr. Reilly was appointed a Commissioner on August 14, 1992, and designated by the President as the Chairman of the Commission. He served as Chairman until February 4, 1997, when he was designated a member of the National Appeals Board.
Mr. Reilly received a B.A in political science from the University of Kansas. Prior to his appointment to the Parole Commission, Mr. Reilly served 29 years as a legislator in the State of Kansas. He served one year as a member of the Kansas House of Representatives and then 28 years as a Senator in the Kansas State Senate. In the legislature, Mr. Reilly served as Assistant Majority Leader, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Federal and State Affairs, Chairman of the Senate Insurance Subcommittee, and Vice Chairman of the Senate Elections Committee.
As Chairman of the Senate Committee on Federal and State Affairs, which handled most corrections issues, Mr. Reilly became keenly interested in the area of corrections, probation, and parole. In the late 1970's, he was instrumental in the passage of legislation allowing the private sector in Kansas the opportunity to establish businesses near state penal institutions and hire inmates, one of the first state efforts to do so. The resulting program provided inmates meaningful work experience and opportunities to acquire marketable skills, contributed to rehabilitation, reduced idleness, and assisted in the management of large inmate populations in crowed institutions. In 1981, Mr. Reilly chaired the Senate/House Committee that reviewed the operations of the Kansas Correctional System. This review ultimately led to major reforms in Kansas Corrections, including increased benefits for correctional officers, better retention of employees in the corrections system, and the accreditation of some of Kansas' major correctional institutions.
From 1982 to 1986, Mr. Reilly served as a Commissioner on the National Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies. In 1985, he was appointed a member of the National Highway Safety Advisory Committee. He has served as an advisory member of the American Justice Institute on federal and state prisons and as a member of the Community Liaison Committee of the United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth, Kansas, and the Kansas State Penitentiary, Lansing, Kansas. He has also served as a member of the State Attorney General's Task Force on Drug Education in Kansas.
Mr. Reilly is a member of the American Correctional Association, the Association of Paroling Authorities International, the National Criminal Justice Association, the National Committee on Community Corrections, and the National Association of Chiefs of Police. As Chairman of the Parole Commission, he served as a member of the U.S. Sentencing Commission (ex officio) and the National Institute of Corrections Advisory Board (ex officio). In addition, he has served on a number of Boards, Committees, and Task Forces relating to issues involving the criminal justice system.
A native of Leavenworth, Kansas, Mr. Reilly was for thirty years in the field of real estate insurance and banking. Mr. Reilly has been a recipient of the following awards for heroism: Carnegie Hero Fund Commission Award Medallion (1991); the Robert P. Connelly Kiwanis International Award (1991); Special Commendation Recognition, City of Leavenworth, for Heroism (1990); Good Samaritan Award Police Hall of Fame (1990); and the American Police Hall of Fame Award (1990). Other awards received include: the Hallmark Cards Hall Pac Public Service Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in the Kansas Legislature (1988); the American Legion's Community Service Award (1992); the United States Flag Award by the Daughters of the American Revolution; and the Silver Angel Award presented by the Kansas Catholic Conference as the highest award for distinguished service to his church (1992). In addition, he is a member of many service and fraternal organizations, and served as a Commissioner on the Governor's Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday Celebration Commission in Kansas (1991). He serves on the Fort Leavenworth Historical Museum Committee and on the Buffalo Soldiers' Monument Committee. He is a member of the National Troopers Coalition, the Kansas Highway Troopers Association, the Kansas Sheriffs' Association, and the Kansas Peace Officers Association.
Mr. Reilly served seven years in the Reserve Officers Training Corps. He has been actively engaged in the International Officers Program at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, hosting international officers from many nations attending the Command and General Staff College. He has been an instructor to these international officers in courses on federal, state, and local government since 1967.
Mr. Simpson was appointed a Commissioner on April 21, 1992, and designated a Regional Commissioner.
Mr. Simpson received a B.C. from Loyola College in Montreal and a J.D. from the New England School of Law in Boston.
Prior to his appointment as a Commissioner, Mr. Simpson worked with the Secret Service. He began his career in 1962 and, from 1981 until 1992, he served as the 16th Director of the Secret Service. During his career with the Secret Service he was elected President of the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) and served a four-year term. He was the first American to hold that position.
Mr. Simpson is a veteran of the United States Army. He is a member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the American Society for Industrial Security, the National Sheriffs Association, the National Association of Public Administrators, and the National War College Alumni Association.